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FREQUENT QUESTIONS OF CREATORS/MEMBERS
1. Which law protects intellectual property ownership in Greece?
2. What is intellectual property and how do I acquire intellectual property ownership over a musical work?
3. How is my intellectual property ownership over a work secured?
4. What does Greek legislation foresee for the securing of the intellectual property of a work?
5. How many years is intellectual property over a musical work in effect?
6. What is an unpublished work?
7. What is a published work?
8. If I wish to make any intervention in the music of another, e.g. arrangement, remix etc. do I need permission?
9. If I have permission to arrange a musical composition, to whom does the arrangement belong?
10. As arranger do I have intellectual property over my arrangement? May I have economic returns from it?
11. May somebody use my work without my permission?
12. Who is considered a user of a musical work and what are users' obligations vis a vis the owners of the works?
13. Am I entitled to a fee for the use of my works by third parties?
14. What are mechanical rights?
15. What are performing rights?
16. What are composers' rights of audiovisual productions?
17. If my music has been included, with my permission, in a recording production, am I entitled to a fee and who is to pay?
18. If my music is included in a record production without my permission, what protection does the law provide and how can I secure my rights?
19. If my music is played in a public space without my permission how can I seek protection? May I request a fee for that?
20. May I manage my intellectual property on my own?
21. What is a Collective Intellectual property Administration Organisation and what more does it offer compared to the management of my works I could do on my own?
22. What precisely is AEPI?
23. How can I become a member of AEPI and what does registration in the organisation cost?
24. AEPI manages only the Greek music repertoire or also the foreign?
25. Can AEPI secure my rights abroad if I receive a request for the recording of my work abroad or if my work is performed abroad?
26. By what means can AEPI secure the good management of my work and at what cost?
27. What are my obligations in the collaboration to secure the better management of my work by AEPI?
28. How often does AEPI allocate intellectual property fees?
29. How often is payment made for intellectual property fees and by what means?
30. If an artist bound by contract with AEPI dies in the course, or following the renewal, of the existing contract, what happens?

1. Which law protects intellectual property ownership in Greece?
Law 2121/1993 "On the Protection of Intellectual Property and Neighbouring Rights."

2. What is intellectual property and how do I acquire intellectual property over a musical work?
Intellectual property is the right somebody acquires over an original intellectual creation e.g. music, poetry, writing, drawing, theatrical work, audiovisual work, visual work, either written or oral, either regarding Art of science. Intellectual property is the total of the rights the law gives the owner of an intellectual work, to protect it, manage it, and be paid by third parties, when they exploit his intellectual property.

3. How is my intellectual property over my work secured?
Ownership over an intellectual work, according to the law, is secured only by its "publication." For example, a musical composition is secured, either from the time it is available to the public through a record production or through a concert, or through performance on the radio or television or the internet.

4. What does Greek legislation foresee for the securing of intellectual work?
There is no formal procedure in Greek legislation for the securing of intellectual work. A person who claims that he is the intellectual creator of a work should be able to prove it by means of any proof, when there is doubt. Indicatively we mention that in phonographic productions the person whose name is written on the said material carrier is established as the creator of the work.

5. How many years is intellectual property ownership over a musical work in effect for?
Intellectual property over an intellectual work, according to the law, has a duration of 70 years after the death of its creator. In case the work has more than one creator, the duration of protection is 70 years from the date of death of the last deceased creator. After the 70 years the work becomes "public domain" e.g. traditional songs, classical compositions.

6. What is an unpublished work?
A work that has not been legally made available to the public.

7. What is a published work?
A work that has been made legally available to the public.

8. If I want to make any changes in the music of somebody else, e.g. an arrangement, remix etc. do I need permission?
Apart from the ownership right the creator of a work has over his work (the right of the exploitation of his work - economic right), the law protects the personal bond every creator has with his work and the "inviolability" of original creation, in other words it gives the creator the capability to exercise every time he needs his so-called "moral" right, in order not to permit interventions in his work that could change the character of his first and original creation. The moral right is considered fundamental by the law and consequently persons who want to make an arrangement of a work with an owner should necessarily request permission for the arrangement or the change they want to make and should know that creators always have the right to refuse permission, if they consider that this change changes the nature of, or spoils, their work.

9. If I have permission to arrange a musical composition, to whom does the arrangement belong?
The original work always belongs to its creator, even after the arrangement, simply the arranger for the specific arrangement is considered the co-creator, with a proportion of co-ownership that should be agreed with the creator of the work.

10. Do I as arranger have intellectual property over my arrangement? May I get financial remuneration from it?
The arranger has intellectual property over the specific arrangement, while the proportion of co-ownership with the creator of the work is defined from the beginning and before the use and the financial remuneration, that is the intellectual property fees, follows the proportion that has been agreed. For example, a proportion that has prevailed internationally in an arrangement is 12.5 % for the arranger and the rest for the original creator, although that does not mean that there is not a potential for another negotiated agreement for a higher or lower proportion.

11. May somebody use my work without my permission?
Nobody can use intellectual property that is proved to belong to somebody else without his or her permission. This constitutes the basis of the recognition of the rights in favour of the creator-holder of intellectual property, in other words that his permission is required for the use of his work by third parties

1. Which law protects intellectual property ownership in Greece?
2. What is intellectual property and how do I acquire intellectual property ownership over a musical work?
3. How is my intellectual property ownership over a work secured?
4. What does Greek legislation foresee for the securing of the intellectual property of a work?
5. How many years is intellectual property over a musical work in effect?
6. What is an unpublished work?
7. What is a published work?
8. If I wish to make any intervention in the music of another, e.g. arrangement, remix etc. do I need permission?
9. If I have permission to arrange a musical composition, to whom does the arrangement belong?
10. As arranger do I have intellectual property over my arrangement? May I have economic returns from it?
11. May somebody use my work without my permission?
12. Who is considered a user of a musical work and what are users
 

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